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Living and coping with acquired brain injury and spinal cord injury

 If you've had an acquired brain injury or spinal cord injury, this injury may cause some disability or affect your entire life. Brain and spinal cord injuries can affect people in different ways and they may experience increased fatigue (mental and physical) or changes in physical, cognitive, behavior, personality, and sensory functions. Severe spinal cord injury can lead to paraplegia or quadriplegia.

You may need to get used to a wheelchair or not control some of your movement functions. And if you're recovering from a stroke, you may need to work with a physical therapist and speech pathologist to relearn the skills you've lost due to the injury.

In general, the more severe the disease or injury, the more significant the symptoms and loss of function.

Living with changes

The consequences of a brain injury or spinal cord injury can be far-reaching. It can also be difficult to deal with any job loss and undergo prolonged rehabilitation.

It is therefore normal to feel sad and worried about what the future holds. You and your family may also experience difficulties as they deal with the emotional and practical challenges of post-injury. But this does not mean that your whole life is over. Rather, there is a new challenge that you must succeed in and give hope to others affected.

That is why doctors recommend the following:

  • Obtain accurate and reliable information about the effects of infection.
  • Know the difficulties they may encounter.
  • Understand that recovery can be a slow and continuous process.
  • Ask for help when you need it.

Diagnosis of a spinal cord or brain injury

A combination of diagnostic tests, such as an X-ray, MRI, and CT scan of the brain, can help accurately determine which areas of the brain or spinal cord have been damaged.

In some cases, surgery may be required. Recovery also depends on the extent and location of the brain or spinal cord damage, the person's age and general health, the speed of first aid received, and the quality of treatment the patient received.

Except in the case of very serious infections, people with hepatitis C and SCI can still do most of the things that the rest of the community can do, like go to work, study, or go out and enjoy many different activities around them.

But sometimes, they have to do these things a little differently than the majority of society.

Rehabilitation for acquired brain injury and spinal cord injury

The long-term effects of acquired brain injury and spinal cord injury are difficult to predict. It will be different for each person and can range from mild to severe depending on the cause and severity of the condition.

Learn about the different causes, symptoms, and treatments:

spinal cord injury

Paraplegia or quadriplegia is the most common damage to the spinal cord from an accident or other trauma. Health problems for people with spinal cord injuries may also include:

  • Urinary tract infections.
  • Kidney stones.
  • Pressure sores (ulcers).

brain attack

Know the warning signs and take action when you think someone is having a stroke, so you can prevent or reduce the severity of a stroke.

brain tumor

Symptoms depend on which part of the brain the tumor affects. But, in general, the growing tumor presses on the brain tissue, causing swelling of the brain tissue and the patient's symptoms.


Abnormal enlargement of the brain cavities (ventricles) is caused by a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Untreated hydrocephalus can result in brain damage or death.

Multiple Sclerosis

It may lead to neuropsychiatric symptoms including memory loss, depression, and cognitive difficulties.

subdural hematoma

Blood clots form under one of the layers of the brain. It usually occurs after a blow to the head. Symptoms can include:

  • severe headache
  • confusion.
  • Difficulty speaking or incomprehensible speech.
  • visual disturbances;


It refers to an abnormal bulge in the wall of a blood vessel, such as an artery. Aneurysms most commonly develop along the aorta (the body's main blood vessel) and in the blood vessels of the brain. If the aneurysm ruptures, death can occur in minutes.

Parkinson's disease

A progressive neurodegenerative condition that affects a person's ability to control their body's movements.


They occur when there is a serious problem with the brain's waking system or when brain activity becomes impaired.

Head and spinal cord injuries are among the most serious injuries that affect a person's life and may turn their life upside down.